Return To Catalogue - Basle (Basel, Switzerland)|
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The first mentioned forgery in literature known to me was already mentioned in Schweizer Illustr. Briefmarken-Zeitung in August 1882 (source: http://briefmarken.ag/). It seems to have been sold from 1878 onwards and was printed by a certain A. Müller in Basel. The tail of the dove makes an angle of 45 degrees (should be 90), the 'A' and 'D' of 'STADT' are touching each other at the bottom and there is sometimes a dot above the 'S' of 'POST'.
The stamps should have a dot behind 'Rp'. Furthermore there should be a '-' before and behind 'POST'. Also note the different letters, for example the 'O' of 'POST' is too round. All the genuine stamps were printed quite close to each other (3/4 mm, see genuine examples above), so the wide margins we can find in some of the above stamps betray them as forgeries as well! There is a dot behind the 'L' of 'BASEL', there is no such dot in the genuine stamps. The bar in 1/2 is almost horizontally in the above forgeries, in the genuine stamps it is slanting downwards. The figure '2 1/2' should not touch the lines of the border. The colour of the background is too greenish. This forgery was already mentioned in Schweizer Illustr. Briefmarken-Zeitung in June 1885. The cancel seems to constist of 'BASEL' in a circle without any indication of a date. This forgery is rather common.
Due to its greenish colour it is also often referred to as a forgery of a proof:
(Forgery of the proof with cancel!)
The above forgeries have the 'S' of 'POST' different from the genuine stamps. Also the dot behind 'Rp' is placed too high. The 'L' of 'BASEL' should slant backwards (it is horizontal in the above forgeries). The crossbar of the 'A' of 'STADT' should be slanting (it is straight in the above forgeries). In the genuine stamps, there is always a black dot connecting the two lines surrounding the shield (the dot can be found at the left hand side of the 'SE' of 'BASEL'). The second stamp bears a red cancel 'DISTRIB' (the rest is unreadable). This might very well be the second forgery mentioned in Schweizer Illustr. Briefmarken-Zeitung in August 1882 (source: http://briefmarken.ag/).
This forgery resembles the second forgery. There in no dot behind 'Rp', there is no '-' behind 'POST', the 'O' of 'POST' is too round. It also has too wide margins with guidelines. As in the second forgery, there is a dot behind the 'L' of 'BASEL', there is no such dot in the genuine stamps. The colour of the background is too greenish. The upper part of the arms of Basel is situated too far away from the upper frameline when compared to a genuine stamp. I have only seen this forgery uncancelled.
(Primitive forgery, the dove is not embossed!)
A forgery with no impressed dove, with red 'Facsimile' overprint. This is actually a cut out from a 'Stamp on a stamp' produced by the chocolate manufacturer Tobler. The inscription around this cut out read: "Old and new postage stamps Bale Town post 1845 TOBLER Swiss Milk Chocolate, No 674 - Serie 57 - No 673-684'.
(With overprint 'FACSIMILE', Possibly a forgery made by Champion)
(Recent forgery, note the modern white paper!)
In the above modern forgery, the dove has an extension at the back of his head. This forgery is a recent one, the paper is too bright for a stamp of this age.
In the above forgery the letters are different (for example the 'O' of 'POST' is too fat). I have also seen this forgery with a red cancel.
The easiest way to recognize the above forgery is the arms of Basel in the upper central part, the curved top of the arms is too far from the upper border of the stamp. Also there is no '-' behind 'POST' and the letters are different (for example the 'O' of 'POST' is too fat. There is a dot behind the 'L' of 'BASEL'. The 'B' and 'A' of 'BASEL' seem to be joined at the bottom. I have also seen this forgery uncancelled.
I've been told that the uncancelled above forgery is a Fournier forgery. I think the above stamp with cancel is also a Fournier forgery. The stamp is cancelled 'BASEL - OLTEN Z 5 XII 21 66', exactly the same as can be found in the 'The Fournier album of philatelic forgeries'. The design is very much the same as in the genuine stamps, as far as I can judge. However, the forked tail of the dove is different, the two feathers make an angle of about 90 degrees in the genuine stamps, but much less in this forgery. Fournier offers both the normal stamp and the essay in his 1914 pricelist as first choice forgeries (the normal stamp for 5 Swiss Francs and the essay for 2 Swiss Francs).
Other Fournier forgeries:
Fournier forgery and backside (reduced size); overprinted with 'FAC-SIMILE'
These Fournier forgeries of the stamp and the proof has too much blue/green background shading in the curly ornaments besides the arms of Basel (top center), genuine stamps have white space here
Some unfinished Fournier forgeries, the dove has not yet been printed and the red color is still missing. The cancel has already been applied on the pair at the right. As in the above forgeries, the space in the curly ornaments is filled with color (it should have been white).
See also the Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries for more information.
Fournier forgery on letter as found in a 'Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries'.
(In these forgeries the lower part of the tail of the dove is pointing towards the 'T' of 'POST' instead of the 'B' of 'BASEL'). The 'A' of 'STADT' is slanting too far backwards. I've seen other samples of this forgery type with too large side margins.
Fournier also sold this type of forgery, here this forgery in a Fournier Album. In my opinion, the "E" of "BASEL" is different in this forgery (central tongue too high up).
Similar unfinished forgeries.
(Peter Winter forgery)
(Winter forgery with inverted embossing)
The above forgeries are made by Peter Winter (about 1980?). The cancel on the double stamp (second image) doesn't look like any I have seen before. I have also seen an uncancelled Peter Winter forgery and one with the embossed dove inverted (even on letter). Winter forgeries don't have the dot in the two lines of the shield just left of the 'E' of 'BASEL'. Also the paper is very modern.
(Probably Peter Winter forgeries of the stamp and the essay)
(Winter forgery, cancel: 'BASEL 30 OCT. 1848 NACH-MITTAG', I've seen other forgeries on pieces of a letter with exactly the same cancel adressed to 'Herrn Paul Bloesch & Cie Biel', also stamps with excessive margins on small pieces of paper with the same cancel)
A Peter Winter forgery on a forged cover.
This forgery is slightly larger than the actual stamp, it furthermore has the dove printed in black lines (I don't think it is embossed, though I'm not sure).
(The 'O' of 'POST' seems too large in this forgery, the 'A' and 'D' of 'STADT' are joined at the bottom)
The uncancelled second forgery above was recently (2004) sold on Ebay for more than 300 Euros!
A forgery with the tale of the dove very pointed. Next to it the same forgery, with 'FACSIMILE' overprint (someone has tried to erase this word in the first forgery, but it is still visible, notably the 'S'). These forgeries were probably made by Senf.
Forgery with the '1' of '2 1/2' slanting too much to the right.
(Forgery; The 'R' of 'Rp' has a wide foot)
A very primitive forgery (reduced size) in black on blue, the dove is also printed in black.
The forger Sperati was preparing a forgery of the Basel Dove stamp, but he died before he could complete it. In a Till Neumann auction the glass matrix, a photo impression of the whole stamp, a proof on photo paper with the background etc. were auctioned:
Proof that Sperati was preparing a forgery of the Basel Dove stamp.
The next block seems to be some kind of photographic reproduction:
A Menke-Huber postcard with a replica of a Basel stamp.
A 'replica' for the 'GRENZBESETZUNG 1939' in the value 20 rp. The dove is embossed. I've seen the outer text being cut off from this label.
The non-issued stamps often have the colour green chemically altered to blue (and then sold as genuine stamps!). This was done at least by the forger Borgognini of Florence (Italy), source: Schweiz. Philatelistische Nachrichten December 1910.
The 'Swiss Philatelist' of 1984 (nos. 86/87/88) edited by H.L.Katcher, page 2 says that 'An artist named Venturini got hold of a number of the "Essays" an converted the green colour to blue by chemical means and overpainted the red shield to get the colour right'.
Literature: 'Forgeries of the "Cantonal" Stamps of Switzerland' by A de Reuterskiold (1907), I have not seen this book myself.