ROMANIA (Moldova - Wallachia)

Second 1858 Issue

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1858 Bull's head, second issue, imperforated, inscription 'PORTO GAZETEI' (5 pa) or 'PORTO SCRISOREI' (40 pa and 80 pa)

Image reproduced with permission from: Genuine, retouched at the top Genuine? Image reproduced with permission from:

  5 p black (for newspapers)
  40 p blue
  80 p red

These stamps were issued in 1858 on bluish wove paper and in 1859 on white wove paper. The head of the bull's doesn't touch the posthorn in any of the values (the forged stamps of all countries by J.Dorn). According to J.Dorn the remainders of the 5 p have a broken bottom frameline. The 5 p is very rare in used condition.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
Value Unused Used Remarks
5 p RR RRR  
40 p RR RR  
80 p RR RRR  

For information concerning cancels on these stamps, click here.

Forgeries, examples:

5 p black: How to recognize a genuine stamp? The genuine stamp is printed on very transparent paper (Album Weeds). There is a gap in the top of the 'P' of 'PORTO'. The 'O' of this same word generally has an opening at the top too. The left hand side of the top part of the 'T' of 'PORTO' also has a gap. The star above the bull's head is 6-pointed and open at the bottom.

The next forgeries have crescent shaped (bent inwards) horns of the bull, also the loop of the horn is too big:


Forgery with crescent like horns; I believe this is the second forgery described in Album Weeds. There is a comma joining the 'P' of 'PORTO' to the frameline (but I've seen this forgery without it as well).

The horns are crescent shaped in this forgery. The '5' has a elaborate curly bottom part. The star is too large.

Forgery with crescent shaped horns of the bull. The mouthpiece touches the last 'E' of 'GAZETEI'.

Other forgeries exist of this value, for example one with a very small loop of the horn and one with the all the words touching the border.

(Other forgery, left: reduced size)

Modern forgery? The lettering is too large. Next to it a much older looking similar forgery with a parallel lines cancel

Forgeries, probably made by the same forger, also in wrong colour 5 p violet, reduced sizes. I've also seen the 8 pa of this particular forgery.

This forgery was offered as genuine on an Ebay auction (2005), there is an expert mark 'J.SCHL' at the back of the stamp. However this expertiser, Julius Schlesinger, was known not to be very relialble.

Oneglia(?) forgeries

Other forgeries of the 5 pa value

More deceptive forgery

40 p blue: In the 40 p the star above the head of the bull should be open at the top and should have 6 rays. The '4' should also be open at the top.

Forgery, star not open. The first 'O' of 'PORTO' is placed much higher than the posthorn (it is level in the genuine stamps).

In the above forgery, the star is not open and the ears are different among other differences.

Forgery, star not open and '4' closed, only 5 rays in star
6th forgery of Album Weeds, star with 5 rays only, cow has human nose

The above forgery is the sixth forgery described in Album Weeds; It is printed in dark blue, the star has 5 rays instead of 6. The bull has a human nose, there is no central line in the ring of the posthorn. There are lines in the mouth of the posthorn slanting downwards. The '4' of '40' is closed at the top. The left eye of the bull (from our point of view) is closed. Here, it bears a cancel of parallel lines, but I've also seen it uncancelled. Next to it a 80 p forgery, most likely made by the same forger (the desing looks engraved here).


In the above forgery the 'P' touches the 'I' in the right bottom corner. Furthermore the ears of the bull are different. One ear is pointing towards the 'R' of 'SCRISOREI' instead of the 'C' of this word.

In this forgery of the 40 pa value, the left cowhorn extends to under the '4' and almost touches it.

Forgeries on letters also exist, example:

(zoom in)

Forgery with last 'I' of 'SCRISOREI' rather close to the 'P' of the value inscription. The first two images have a 5-pointed star. The last one has been 'fixed up' and has a 6-pointed star.

Other forgeries of the 40 pa value

Forgery in the wrong color: 40 pa black on blue.

Modern(?) forgeries:

Other forgery, very blur in light blue. The letters on top are too larger, the horns and the star are too small.

(Forgeries, probably made by the same forger, reduced sizes)

80 p red: In the genuine 80 p the horn is never connected to the bull's head.

7th forgery of Album Weeds, 5 rayed star, horn and bull connected

In the above forgery the horn is connected to the bull's head (I presume this is the 7th forgery described in Album Weeds)! Also the genuine stamp has 6 rays in the star, this one only has 5. The 'R' and 'I' of 'SCRISOREI' are joined in the genuine stamps. The horns of the bull point between '8' and '0' and towards the the left lower corner of the 'P'.

Hamburg forgery with a "JASSY 20 5 MOLDOVA' cancel, reduced size. I've seen more of these forgeries with this cancel.

I've been told that this is a so-called 'Hamburg forgery', I have no further information. The '8' of '80' is placed too far to the left (above the second 'O' of 'PORTO'). All the letters are too big. Next to it a forgery of the next set, made by the same forger (also with too large lettering).

Some different forgeries of the 80 pa value with 5 rays in the star instead of 6.

Forgery with 5 rays in the star instead of 6. I've also seen this forgery with a cancel consisting of a pattern of dots and uncancelled. The ears are peculiarly pointing upwards.

Other forgery of the 80 pa value

The horn doesn't have a proper 'loop' in this forgery.

Primitive 80 par forgery.

80 par forgery with the star very different from a genuine stamp.

Note the distorted left side of the posthorn in this forgery.

Bogus 'reprints' of the 80 p value, but in black. Note that there is always a break in the outer frameline next to the 'RE' of 'SCRISOREI' and that the star is attached to the bull's head. I've seen a whole sheet of these reprints (32 stamps, in 4 rows of 8, the bottom two rows are printed in tete-beche, the distance between the second and third row is larger).

There exist more deceptive forgeries of the 80 p stamp.

Sperati forgeries ('blackprints') of the 5 p and 80 p stamps. The breaks and dots in the frameline of the 5 p are always in the same position. In the 80 p, there is a 'smudge' on top of the right hand side of the outer frame.

Forged cancels made by Sperati.

A bogus value: 20 pa blue; I've seen it cancelled with straight lines (as above) or with an ellipse with unreadable letters.

The forger Mladenovic made forgeries of these stamps, here a page from the Philatelisten Zeitung of 1910.


Rumania 1862 issue

Copyright by Evert Klaseboer